GEORG LUKACS. History and Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. I The Phenomenon of Reification. II The Antinomies of Bourgeois. Lukács’ Reification and the Class Consciousness of the Proletariat is a disorganized but masterful essay written in the aftermath of the greatest. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat () Proletariat · I. The Phenomenon of Reification › Tags. Georg Lukacs · Marxism.

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For that very reason the reified mind has come to regard them as the true representatives of his societal existence. A Study in the Unity of his thought, published consciosness Luchterhand cited as GW.

It will then find that the world lying beyond its confines, and in particular the material base which it is its task to understand, its own concrete underlying reality lies, methodologically and in principle, beyond its grasp. Furthermore, there was no gap between individual consciousness and thd meaning in the world that would have required the individual to project meaning onto the world.

The Hungarian Marxist makes this observation about capitalism: It is no longer a thing to consxiousness explained by the intervention of transcendental powers or made meaningful by reference to transcendental values. This destroys the organic necessity with which inter-related special operations are unified in the end-product.

Revolutionary movements rose throughout the world and were betrayed and defeated while the Stalinist apparatus grew increasingly powerful. It must be emphasised that this inability to penetrate to the real material substratum of science is not the fault of individuals. Rather, it is alienation the causes of which Marx uncovered that should be the object of the critique of reification see also Pitkin Political Marxism and the Social Sciences.

Georg [György] Lukács (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

This consciousness remains only an objective possibility, always threatened by the seductions of the immediate consciousness. In proletariay case the legal system is formally capable of being generalised so as to relate to every possible situation in life and it is susceptible to prediction and calculation.


Not that the reificatino for synthesis is absent; nor can it be maintained that the best people have welcomed with open arms a mechanical existence hostile to life and a scientific formalism alien to it. An increase or decrease in wage for the worker is a qualitative fact which permeates their inner life.

Email required Address never made public. Of course there are scientists who reject God, or do not even try to grasp the ontological problems of our age.

In capitalism, the activity of workers is reduced to a completely quantifiable process. On the gradual ascendancy of the principle of economic calculation, see also A.

Notes on Lukacs and Reification I. | reificationofpersonsandpersonificationofthings

That is where barter begins, and from here it strikes back into the interior of the community, decomposing it. You are commenting using your WordPress. If that can happen then it is evident that this process will be intensified in proportion as the relations which man establishes with objects as objects of the life process are mediated in the course of his social activity.

This structure is expressed in and through ov development of the sciences: And the money-lender sells his money as just such an interest-bearing thing. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Additionally, by losing grip of the qualitative dimensions of their social relations, people become atomized and isolated.

Open access to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding initiative. Towards a New PhilosophyLondon: This goes hand in hand with the union in time and space of special operations that are related to a set of heterogeneous use-values.

Philosophy can attempt to assemble the whole of knowledge encyclopaedically see Wundt. The manner in which this transcendence is conceived shows how vain was the hope that a comprehensive discipline, like philosophy, might yet achieve that overall knowledge which the particular sciences have so conspicuously renounced by turning away from the material substratum of their conceptual apparatus.

For the complete knowledge of the whole would vouchsafe the knower a monopoly that would amount to the virtual abolition of the capitalist economy. We are concerned above all with the principle at work here: Only in this context can the problem of modern bureaucracy be properly understood.


We need only think of marriage, and without troubling to point to the developments of the nineteenth century we can remind ourselves of the way in which Kant, for example, described the situation with the naively cynical frankness peculiar to great thinkers.

While on all three levels, entities appear as fixed objects, their real essence is always that of interrelated, irreversible processes GW In the next few sentences Lukacs moves to tie this definition— and the two conceptions of reification it grounds— to the methodology he utilizes in the reification essay.

The major economic tendency of capitalism is this same objectification of production, its separation from the personality of the producers. In other words, while both art and science overcome the superstition of magic, only art can retain the mimetic dimension of representation.

Georg [György] Lukács

This is the result, maybe, of the depth of reification which 21st century society experiences. Many of the ugliest things in society – racism, sexism, prejudice – emerge somehow fortified by their superficiality and baseness. Compared with History and Class Consciousnessthe normative ideal of the Ontology points to a radically different conception of political action.

Thus it is not enough to just find out what a ocnsciousness is within our society, but how it affects and relates to the inner and outer facets of society.

In regard to the relation between form and life, we can distinguish between snd that are forms of life itself, produced by that life, and abstract forms which are imposed onto life from the outside. It produces and reproduces this structure in so far as it takes possession of society.