The Capitation Grant has been introduced in Ghana in by the former NPP Government. It was introduced with the intention of facilitating the achievement of . fees abolition policy, the Capitation Grant (CG), to spur the attainment of universal access to the basic education goal under the Ghana Growth. Report by the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC) in Accra on Ms Hague said the Citizens’ Assessment of Ghana’s Capitation Grant .

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Conclusion and Implications References Bibliography. This study therefore, seeks to answer the key question of how the Capitation Grant Scheme influenced education delivery and the attendant challenges in public basic schools in the Ga West Municipality in Ghana.

A plausible explanation of this could be that, there were challenges with the disbursement of statutory funds for the Grant. The Pupil-teacher ratio PTR in basic ggana as reported in Education Management Information Service EMIS shows a slight increase from an average of 27 pupils to a teacher in the period before the capitation grant to about 28 pupils to a teacher ghxna the period after gyana introduction of the capitation grant Citation Edison Pajibo; Emmanuel M.

As shown in Figure 1, enrolment decreased from 3. One of such challenge is the provision of more infrastructures for basic schools. An analysis of the background issues and the views expressed in the literature show that the Capitation Grant Scheme reflects two major strategic directives.

Drucker noted that an abundant and increasing supply of highly educated kn has become an absolute prerequisite for social and economic development in the world. The prevailing argument is that, in spite of the efforts and provisions made by various governments in ensuring accessible and free compulsory basic education in the country, including the introduction of the Capitation Grant, there are still some Ghanaians who are either semi-literate or illiterate and children of school-going age who are not in school Dzamboe, Be the first to start a new thread.

Some of these educational reforms, according to Adedze include:. Ghwna, some of the amount is used for sports and cultural activities and the remaining for the provision of teaching and learning materials, minor repairs in the schools, and examination Dzamboe, Among the Sub- Saharan African countries to adopt this policy was Uganda in and with the introduction of this policy, the country experienced a robust increase of primary enrolment from 2.


The introduction of the Capitation Grant is rooted in the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana, which made provision for a policy on free education to be implemented within two years of its coming into force. The schools were first stratified into circuits, from which at least a school was selected to ensure that all the educational circuits were represented.

While before the introduction of the capitation grantNER for girls in JHS was slightly above boys; ccapitation trend reversed since and the gap has since been widening.

Effects of Capitation Grant on Education Outcomes in Ghana

Despite various interventions to salvage the teething problems of the Grant through workshops and other sensitization programmes, the full influence and caapitation of the Grant are yet to be ascertained in terms of enrolment of pupils in public basic schools in Ghana Dzamboe, It held the view that the improvement upon the quality of pupils in basic schools also depends on pupil- textbook ratio Atagra, There are public basic schools in the Municipality.

This is significantly higher than the rate of increase before the capitation grant scheme was introduced, which was only about 3.

As reflected in the GER, since the gap between boys and girls in NER in primary schools has closed up quite considerably to a difference of only 0. The researchers recommend an increase in the quantum of the grant per pupil and direct payment into the accounts of schools to reduce annual delays in disbursement. Threads for this page. It was therefore not surprising that majority of the participants saw an improvement in the provision of teaching and learning materials.

To enable all school-going ccapitation children in Ghana attend school, the government introduced the Capitation Grant Scheme in Relief of the capitation to parents.

Capitation Grant – Schools in Ghana

This study sought to investigate the influence of the Capitation Grant scheme on education delivery in public basic schools through a close study of the Ga West Municipality of the Greater Accra Region in Ghana. In fulfillment of its promise to make basic education free and accessible to all, government has announced plans to increase capitation grant from GHC 9.


The study generally found that there had been an increase in the pupil-teacher ratio as a result of the increased enrolment, due to the introduction of the capitation grant scheme.

The implication of this is that not all girls completing primary school enter into JHS.

1. Background and Context

From the cqpitation of the head teachers and teachers, one can deduce that the grant largely had an influence on parents sending their children or wards to school. Enoch Okomfo Okonah, Head of Policy and Research at the Global Media Foundation, un believes that government needs to be applauded for the steps being taken to promote formal education at the basic level.

Its foundation rests on the cornerstones of freedom, democracy and sustainable human development. However, the increase in enrolment brought about some challenges such as inadequate classrooms, furniture, textbooks, teaching and learning materials and a high pupil-teacher ratio.

It can grang children with the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in life and is associated with increased incomes, reduced poverty and improved health UNICEF, The NER on the other hand increased remarkably immediately after the introduction of the capitation grant for both boys and girls in JHS before declining in Figure 7.

When children of school-going age do no go to school, the country cannot achieve the aim of having all children of school going age in school. According to the respondents, as shown in Table 1the introduction of the Scheme encouraged the production and use of teaching and learning materials.

Head teaches from the sampled schools were automatic members while 5 teachers were randomly selected in each school. A plausible explanation for the upward change in the pupil-teacher ratio could be the disproportionate enrolment of pupils to the number of teachers the government employed within the period of to He also added his voice to the call on government to ensure that the various public basic schools receive their grants on time.

Enrolment in the Ga West Municipality from to It only started to peak again around Some of these challenges are expatiated in the next section of the review.